Monuments and cities SSC, Banks, RBI, AFCAT, CDS, RRB, PSU, CMAT, XAT, MAT, and other state level exams.
Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Taj Mahal is famous as 7th Wonder of the World. It was built by Mughal emperor Shahjahan in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Banu Begum). The Indian architect of Persian descent, Ustad Ahmed Lahori has been named for constructing the building.
Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Agra Fort was built by the Great Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1565-75 AD on the banks of the Yamuna river. It is enclosed with 70 feet high wall of red sandstone. It contains Jahangir Mahal, Khass Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Am, Machchhi Bhawan and Moti Masjid.
Qutub Minar, Delhi
Qutub Minar was built by Qutub-Ud-Din-Aibak in early 13th century with red sandstone. It is recognized as the tallest brick minaret in India.
Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri was built by the great Mughal emperor Akbar in 1571-1585 and was later established as the capital of Mughal Empire. It is made of red sandstone. It consists of beautiful palaces, halls, and mosques. Some of the major Historical Places in Fatehpur Sikri are: Buland Darwaza, Diwan-i-Khas, Panch Mahal, Tomb of Salim Chisti.
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Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi
Humayun’s Tomb was designed by Misak Mirza Ghiyas and was built by Humayun’s wife Hamida Banu Begum (Haji Begum) in 1569 AD. It is an excellent example of Persian architecture. It is made of red sandstone.
Golden Temple, Amritsar
Sri Harmandir Sahib also known as the Golden Temple is the holiest Gurudwara of Sikhism. It was founded by the fourth Sikh Guru, Guru Ram Das in 1577. Inside the temple, the Sikh holy books, Adi Granth and Guru Granth have been placed by Guru Arjan. It is gilded with 750 kg of pure gold, hence named Golden temple. The four doors symbolize the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions.
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Hawa Mahal was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh of Kachhwaha Rajput Dynasty in 1799. It is a five-storey building which is made of pink and red sandstone. It facilitates women of the royal family to see the outside street festivals and busy city life without having to be seen by the others. There are about 953 jharokhas or windows, some of which are made of wood. It has a height of 15m and its shape resembles the crown of Lord Krishna. This historical Monument of India is often referred to as the Palace of Winds.
India Gate, New Delhi
India Gate is located in Rajpath, New Delhi. It is a war memorial which was built to honour 82000 soldiers of the Indian Army who sacrificed their lives during the World War-I between 1914-1921. It was built with Yellow and red sandstone and granite by an architect, Sir Edwin Lutyens. It is 42m in height and 9.1m in width and has a diameter of 625m with an area of 306,000 metres.
Red Fort, Delhi
Red Fort was constructed by fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1639 when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. It took 10 years (1638-1648) to complete. The Red fort was originally named Qila-e-Mubarak, as it was the residence of the royal family. The most interesting fact about this Historical Monument of India is that the red fort was originally white.
Amer Fort, Jaipur, Rajasthan
Amer Fort was built by Raja Man Singh I and it is the finest example of Rajput architecture in Rajasthan. It is located on Cheel ka Teela on Aravalli Hills. Amer Fort and Jaigarh Fort are connected through a subterranean passage and it is believed that this passage was used at the time of war or enemy attacks.